Rubber compounds are extremely versatile composite materials used in a wide range of industrial and commercial applications. These materials, consisting primarily of rubber polymers and a variety of reinforcing agents and additives, offer a unique combination of mechanical, thermal and chemical properties. In this document, we will look at the main types of rubber compounds and delve into their detailed properties.

Main types of rubber compounds

Natural rubber (NR):
- Coming from the latex of the Hevea brasiliensis plant, natural rubber offers good elasticity and resilience.
- It is remarkably sensitive to atmospheric agents and temperature variations.
- Used in a wide range of applications, including tires, seals and sports products.

Synthetic rubber:
- Synthetic rubbers include a variety of polymers obtained from chemical processes rather than natural sources.
- The most common synthetic rubbers include polybutadiene, polychloroprene, styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR), and ethylene-propylene -diene rubber (EPDM).
- They usually offer greater resistance to atmospheric agents and better stability than natural rubber.

Chloroprene rubber (CR):
- Also known as neoprene, CR is a synthetic rubber that is resistant to oil, weathering and flame.
- Used in applications requiring good resistance to abrasion and extreme temperatures, such as gaskets and coatings.

Styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR):
- One of the most commonly used synthetic rubbers, SBR offers good abrasion resistance and longer life than natural rubber.
- Widely used in tires, industrial seals and coatings.

Polybutadiene (BR):
- This synthetic rubber It is known for its excellent resistance to low temperatures and abrasion.
- Often used in combination with other rubbers to improve resilience and flexibility.

Properties of rubber compounds

Mechanical resistance:
- Rubber compounds offer a wide range of mechanical resistance, which depends on the chemical composition and structure of the compound.
- Tensile strength , compression and bending are the most significant mechanical properties.
- Natural rubber tends to offer better resilience than synthetic rubbers, but the latter can be modified to suit specific needs.

Weather resistance:
- The ability to resist atmospheric agents such as sunlight, ozone and oxygen is critical for many outdoor applications.
- Synthetic rubbers , such as CR and EPDM, are particularly appreciated for their excellent resistance to atmospheric agents.

Chemical resistance:
- Rubber compounds must be able to resist chemical attacks from oils, solvents, acids and bases present in the environment of use.
- Synthetic rubbers tend to offer greater chemical resistance than natural rubber, although there are significant variations between the different types of synthetic rubber.

Operating temperature:
- The operating temperature of rubber compounds can vary considerably based on the chemical composition.
/> - Some rubber compounds can maintain their mechanical and chemical properties over a wide range of temperatures, while others are more sensitive to thermal extremes.

Durability:< br /> - The durability of rubber compounds is essential to guarantee a long useful life in the various environments of use.
- Resistance to abrasion and fatigue are important factors to consider when evaluating the durability of a rubber compound rubber.

- The flexibility of rubber compounds is essential for many applications that require repeated movement or deformation without damaging the material.
- Synthetic rubbers tend to offer greater flexibility than natural rubber in many conditions.

In conclusion, rubber compounds represent a diverse class of materials that offer a unique combination of mechanical, thermal and chemicals. Choosing the right rubber compound for a specific application requires a detailed understanding of its types and properties, as well as the specific needs of the application itself.

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